When you started to study Japanese, you may face the difficulties in Kanji, the Chinese Character, one of the type of letters in Japanese.
The birth of Kanji: “Yin Dynasty” , the Kanji inventor, and “Zhou dynasty”, who spread it.
The kanji was born in 3,400 years ago (about 1300 BC) from China, the bone script invented by the “Yin Dynasty”. That kanji was used completely differently from now.
In “Yin”, everything was fortunate from the rain begging for the richness of the grain to the time of the festival and the war with the crust of the tortoise which carved the letters and the crack of the beast’s bone. This is a “bone script” originating from hieroglyphics, and it was Kanji that was born for dialogue with God.
Revolution of Kanji
The new dynasty ‘Zhou’ who won the fight against ‘Yin’ in the fierce battle of the greatest ancient division that bred the dynasty change from Yin to Zhou was a contract with other tribes for kanji for communication with God I made a big change in the idea of using it for. Kanji, which is an ideogram that understands meaning and can communicate with other tongues with different speech, quickly penetrated.
In 221 BC, Qin accomplished the unification of China unified the kanji developed independently in each district into the font called Koga. It is used for the official proof of the state of the country and the official of the civil service officer to unify the corner of the kanji to the width of one round trip and equalize the size of the letter and to show that Qin is “a unified rule of law” It was done.
Contrary to the intention of such a country, Kosuke immediately begins to break its shape. In Qin, a lawyer’s nation, officials in the lower ranks are more likely to handle office work in the field. At that time, a complex shaped decorative kochi is extremely hard to write, which eventually leads to simplification and simplification of the typeface and a practical letter of writing is born. From the 6th century to the 10th century, from the north and south morning to the Sui Tang era, the script became the standard typeface. Kanji has undergone many changes in this way.
Japan and Kanji – The history of Japanese kanji is from 1600 –
Before kanji was introduced from China, there were no unique characters in Japan. People talked about myths and legends all by word of mouth. In the Japanese archipelago, Kanji is to be used in full swing from the end of the 4th century to the beginning of the 5th century, about 1600 years after I met a kanji.
Through people of different era, such as languages, thought, society, etc., not only aspects as means of communication and letter writing but also ideological, political and social influences, Japanese have been in contact with kanji It was.
The etymology of kanji consists of familiar things in our lives, understanding its origin in mind and body is to enrich the world of words, to inherit unique culture and spirituality, to empower sensibility It will also be.
Japanese unique kanji
Although it is a kanji that came from China, there are also Japanese unique kanji such as “work”, “pass”, and “field” at familiar places, which is called the kanji.
The Yamato ethnic group who believes in the god of 8 million (Yao Yorozu) in every word thought that there is a spiritual power of “spirit (Koddama)”, so we decided to put ourselves I was afraid that I might lose my previous “spirit”.
Our ancestors managed to struggle to write it in kanji while keeping the “word spirit” of Japanese somehow alive. The first idea for that was the wisdom of taking only the sound of Kanji and ignoring the meaning. It is said to associate the meaning expressed by each kanji with the already existing Japanese, and it is said that the reading of this kanji is the origin of the present kun reading. Especially it is often seen in the name of fish.
In order to write Japanese “sound” in Japanese letters, “Manyo kana” has been created. Manyo kana is a kind of a famous kana that is used in “Manyoshu” and expresses it using sounds and lessons of kanji. As「安」→「あ」、「加」→「か」、「左」→「さ」, it is often used in a manner unrelated to the original meaning of Kanji.
It is said that hiragana was created in early Heian period, Katakana was made based on a part of kanji in order to destroy this and make it easier to write. Since the middle of Heian is an era of gender discrimination, since women were forbidden to learn kanji, hiragana called “girls who are alias” which simplified Kusakaba was born, and poetry became popular, and the golden age of Kana calligraphy celebrated .